Understand the standard of flanges and how to choose?
Flanges, serving as crucial connectors in international applications, demand standardized specifications. Currently, two main standard systems govern pipe flanges globally: the european pipe flange system, represented by Germany’s DIN (including the former Soviet Union) – encompassing DIN, GB, JB, and HG20592 standards, and the american pipe flange system, epitomized by the ANSI pipe flange, covering ANSI, GB, and HG20615 standards. Additionally, the Japanese JIS pipe flange exists but has limited international impact, primarily employed in public projects within the petrochemical apparatus.
1.European Flange System
Represented by Germany’s DIN (including the former Soviet Union):
Nominal Pressure: 0.1, 0.25, 0.6, 1.0, 1.6, 2.5, 4.0, 6.4, 10.0, 16.0, 25.0, 32.0, 40.0 MPa
Nominal Diameter: 15-600mm
Structural Types: flat-weld plate, flat-weld loose slip-on, edge-loose slip-on, welding-edge loose slip-on, welding-ring loose slip-on, welding, neck-threaded connection, integral, and blind flanges
Flange Sealing Surfaces: flat, concave, convex, tongue and groove, rubber ring connection, lens, and gasket welding surfaces
The OCT pipe flange standards released by the Soviet Union in 1980 are similar to the German DIN standards.
2.American Flange System
Represented by the United States’ ANSI B16.5 “steel pipe flanges and flanged fittings”:
Nominal Pressure: 150psi (2.0 MPa), 300psi (5.0 MPa), 400psi (6.8 MPa), 600psi (10.0 MPa), 900psi (15.0 MPa), 1500psi (25.0 MPa), 2500psi (42.0 MPa)
Nominal Diameter: 6-4000mm
Structural Types: butt weld, socket weld, threaded connection, loose slip-on, welding, and blind flanges
Flange Sealing Surfaces: concave, convex, tongue and groove, metal ring connection
3.JIS (Japanese Standard) Pipe Flanges
Primarily used in public projects within the petrochemical apparatus, with limited international impact.
4.Chinese National Standard GB for Steel Pipe Flanges
Nominal Pressure: 0.25 MPa to 42.0 MPa
Series 1: PN1.0, PN1.6, PN2.0, PN5.0, PN10.0, PN15.0, PN25.0, PN42 (main series)
Series 2: PN0.25, PN0.6, PN2.5, PN4.0
Among them, PN0.25, PN0.6, PN1.0, PN1.6, PN2.5, PN4.0, a total of six flange size levels belong to the european flange system represented by German flanges, while the rest belong to the American Flange System represented by American flanges.
Nominal Diameter: 10mm-4000mm
Structural Types:Integral flange,unit flange,threaded flange,welding flange,butt welding flange,weld neck flange,plate flat welding flange,loose slip-on flange,welding ring loose slip-on neck flange,welding ring loose slip-on plate flange,plate flat welding ring loose slip-on flange,plate flat welding loose slip-on flange,flange cover (blind flange)
Flange Sealing Surfaces: flat, concave, convex, tongue and groove, ring connection
Understanding and adhering to these diverse global standards ensures the seamless integration of flanges, fostering efficiency and reliability in international projects. As a leading provider of premium pipeline system products, Haihao Group emphasizes adherence to these standards, offering top-notch solutions tailored to global requirements.